Arabic Lesson #1: How to say “this is..”

Lesson 1 – الدرس الاول

This is … هذا

In this lesson, we learn how to use the pronoun هذا, which means “This” and is pronounced /hādhā/. Please read the following sentences out loud:

.هذا كتاب

This is a book.

هذا بيت

This is a house.

.هذا كرسي

This is a chair.

Have you noticed that there is no equal to the word “is” in Arabic? Bet you have! For example, you probably noticed that the pronoun هذا and the noun-predicate بيت to which it refers without “is”: هذا بيت. The word “is” can be implied in this sentence, so it reads, “This is a house”.

Congratulations! You’ve learnt to use the phrase هذا in order to say “This is.” Now, you can move on to using هذا (/hādhā/) in order to ask the question “What is this?”, or ما هذا؟

Question: ما هذا؟ What is this?

Answer: .هذا كتاب This is a book.

Question: ما هذا؟ What is this?

Answer: .هذا بيت This is a house.

Question: ما هذا؟ What is this?

Answer: .هذا كرسي This is a chair.

Congratulations! You have learnt how to say “What is this?” or ما هذا؟. Now, you will learn the phrase أهذا …؟, which means “Is this …?” For example, أهذا كتاب؟, or “Is this a book? To answer these questions, you are ready to learn the words “yes” and “no” in Arabic. The word “yes” is نعم and the word “no” is لا. Read the following sentences:

Question: أهذا بيت؟ Is this a house?

Answer: .لا، هذا مسجد. No, this is a mosque.

Question: أهذا كرسي؟ Is this a chair?

Answer: .لا، هذا سرير No, this is a bed.

Question: أهذا قلم؟ Is this a pen?

Answer: .نعم، هذا قلم Yes, this is a pen.

Well-done! You have mastered the basics of the phrase هذا to say “This is …”, … هذا , as well as to ask, “What is this?”, ما هذا؟, and “Is this …?”،أهذا …؟. To answer these questions, you have already learned the word “yes”, or نعم, and the word “no”, لا. Congratulations! Can’t wait to see what you will learn in the next Arabic lesson!

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One Response to Arabic Lesson #1: How to say “this is..”

  1. Pingback: Lesson 2 – الدرس الثاني The Definite Article |

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