Lesson 2 – الدرس الثاني The Definite Article

Lesson 2 – الدرس الثاني

The Definite Article ال

In this lesson, we learn that the definite article ال means “the”. Read the examples below out loud, both the indefinite (a car) and the definite (the car).

سيارة

A car

السيارة

The car

كتاب

A book

الكتاب

The book

قلم

A pen

القلم

The pen

Good job! Now we move on to constructing sentences using the definite article ال. Remember in Lesson 1, الدرس الاول, we learned that there is no equal to the word “is” in Arabic? Bet you did! The word “is” can be implied in the following sentences in which the predicate adjective (“big”) tells us something about the subject (“the car”). Please read sentences aloud:

.القلم كبير

The pen is big.

.المسجد صغير

The mosque is small.

.الكتاب قديم

The book is old.

Now, we’re going to create longer descriptive sentences by adding و، /waw/, which means “and.” Read the following sentences out loud:

.المسجد صغير و البيت كبير

The mosque is small and the house is big.

لكتاب قديم و القلم جديد

The book is old and the pen is new.

.الخبز حار و الماء بارد

The bread is hot and the water is cold.

Good job! You have learned how to construct a sentence in which the predicate adjective describes the subject using the definite article ال: The house is big, or البيت كبير. You have also learned how to create longer descriptive sentences by adding و، /waw/, which means “and”: The house is big and the mosque is small, or البيت كبير و المسجد صغير. Congratulations! Can’t wait to see what you will learn in the next Arabic lesson!

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